EMT stands for Emergency Medical Technician, and it refers to an individual who’s trained to expertly administer medical care during an emergency. If you are aspiring to become a certified EMT, you will first need to understand the different types of responsibilities that are present when you assess and treat an ill or injured patient.
Checking vital signs of the patient
If you are the first EMT-trained personnel to arrive at the scene, you will have to take the vital signs of the injured or sick. The first vital sign is the level of consciousness. Is the injured unconscious or conscious? Are they responding to physical stimulation? Are they awake and able to respond to verbal communication?
Next on the list is respiration; you will need to check if they are breathing properly. If not, swift intervention must take place to save them. Is their breathing rasping or labored? The next step requires you to check if their heart if still pumping blood through their veins. Proceed to take their pulse. If no pulse is detected, you will have to take the necessary steps to restart the heart so that it is beating again.
Finding the best way to move a patient
It is pertinent that you are able to find a proper way to move a patient. If lifting and carrying are required, you will have to ensure that you facilitate those movements in a manner that insures their utmost safety. You will also have to take the necessary steps to prevent any further injury as well. Hence, you may need to get a help of another person to perform proper lifting and moving techniques when you need to move a patient and strap them into a stretcher.
Learn about the patient’s history with SAMPLE
Another important EMT responsibility you need to be aware of is SAMPLE. S stands for signs and symptoms; A stands for allergies; M stands for medications; P stands for pertinent past medical history; L stands for last oral intake; and E stands for events that led to the current illness or injury.
Can cope with stress and work under pressure
As an EMT, you must be able to maintain your composure in stressful and critical situations. You could be handling emotionally charged situations, attending to mass casualty incidents, treating a severely injured child or even be at sites where gruesome violence has occurred. If you notice that your mental state is affected by these experiences, you need to take prompt action and seek help.
Depression, temporary memory loss, panic attacks, disorientation, anger, insomnia and nightmares are some of the common symptoms that indicate you need help. When you are composed, you will be able to provide an accurate assessment, thus you will want to draw upon your training and experience to the best of your abilities. You will want to be in a state that allows you to administer aid to save a person or respond to several patients simultaneously.
At Seymour Ambulance Association, we provide EMR & EMT training for the public. If you wish to be properly trained and certified in this area, do not hesitate to contact us today.